GOTTHEIL, GUSTAV

GOTTHEIL, GUSTAV (1827–1903), Reform rabbi, liturgist, and U.S. Zionist leader. Gottheil was born in Pinne, Posen. He was drawn to liberal Judaism at the University of Berlin, and studied with such scholars as Steinschneider and Zunz. During 1855–60 Gottheil was a teacher at the Reform Gemeinde in Berlin and preaching assistant to Samuel holdheim , who impressed him greatly. In Manchester, England, where he served the progressive Congregation of British Jews from 1869 to 1873, Gottheil mastered English, then joined Temple Emanu-El of New York City in 1873 as co-rabbi to the aging samuel adler . Challenging the ethical culture theories of Felix Adler, son of Samuel Adler, Gottheil espoused a more traditional theistic Judaism, and was upheld by the congregation. He attempted to maintain a rabbinical school under Emanu-El's auspices during 1874–85, but it had very few students. Gottheil published a hymnal in 1886 and a devotional compilation Sun and Shield (1896). He voluntarily abandoned issuing his own prayer book in favor of the Union Prayer Book, which included a number of his translations and renderings. The most important American rabbi publicly to support Zionism during the First Zionist Congress in 1897, Gottheil, his son richard gottheil , and stephen s. wise were among the founders of the Federation of American Zionists. Gottheil was a teacher and friend to such young rabbis as Stephen S. Wise, Leon Harrison, and Samuel Schulman. In a sense he was a bridge from the German beginnings of Reform to its Eastern – as distinct from Midwestern – American flowering. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: R.J.H. Gottheil, Life of Gustav Gottheil, Memoir of a Priest in Israel (1936). (Bertram Wallace Korn)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Gottheil, Gustav — (1827 1903)    American Reform rabbi, liturgist and Zionist leader. He was born in Pinne, in the Posen district. He was a teacher to the Reform congregation in Berlin from 1855 to 1860, and served as rabbi of the progressive Congregation of… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Gustav Gottheil — (May 28, 1827, Pinne/Pniewy, Posen district, Prussian Poland April 15, 1903, New York City) was a Prussian Poland born American rabbi. Gottheil eventually became one of the most influential, well known and controversial Reform Jewish leaders of… …   Wikipedia

  • GOTTHEIL, RICHARD JAMES HORATIO — (1862–1936), U.S. Orientalist. Gottheil was born in Manchester, England, the son of gustav gottheil , and immigrated to New York with   his parents in 1873. He taught Semitic languages at Columbia University from 1886 until his death, except for… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gustav Gottheil — (* 28. Mai 1827 in Pinne; † 15. April 1903 in New York) war Reformrabbiner in New York. Er studierte und wirkte zunächst unter Samuel Holdheim, später in Manchester, ab 1873 am Tempel Emanu El in New York. Er war der Vater von Richard Gottheil.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gottheil — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Gustav Gottheil (1827–1903), Reformrabbiner in New York Richard Gottheil (Richard James Horatio Gottheil; 1862–1936), US amerikanischer Semitist und Professor für Rabbinische Literatur Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gottheil, Richard James Horatio — (1862 1936)    American orientalist, son of Gustav Gottheil. He was born in Manchester, England, and was taken to New York in 1873. From 1886 he taught Semitic languages at Columbia University; he also served as director of the Oriental… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Richard James Horatio Gottheil — (1862 1936) was an American Semitic scholar and Zionist. He was born in Manchester, England, but moved to the United States at age 11 when his father, Gustav Gottheil, accepted a position as the assistant Rabbi of the largest Reform Temple in New …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Gottheil — Richard James Horatio Gottheil (* 13. Oktober 1862 in Manchester; † 22. Mai 1936 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Semitist und Professor für Rabbinische Literatur. Leben und Wirken Als er elf Jahre alt war, erhielt sein Vater, Rabbiner… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • R.J.H. Gottheil — Richard James Horatio Gottheil Richard James Horatio Gottheil (1862 1936) était un orientaliste spécialisé en langues sémitiques et un sioniste juif américain. Né à Manchester, en Angleterre, il émigra aux États Unis à 11 ans lorsque son père,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • R. Gottheil — Richard James Horatio Gottheil Richard James Horatio Gottheil (1862 1936) était un orientaliste spécialisé en langues sémitiques et un sioniste juif américain. Né à Manchester, en Angleterre, il émigra aux États Unis à 11 ans lorsque son père,… …   Wikipédia en Français

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